Arizona. House of Representatives. Human Trafficking; Prostitution. H.B. 2454. Phoenix: 2014. April 22, 2014. Web. 27 Jul. 2014.

 
"Arizona Report Card 2014." Shared Hope International, 2014. Web. 31 Jul. 2015.
 
"2014 State Ratings on Human Trafficking Laws | Polaris | Combating Human Trafficking and Modern-day Slavery." Polaris Project, 31 July 2014. Web. 31 July 2015.
 
Arizona Revised Statutes sec. 13-705

Arizona Revised Statutes sec. 13-1307

Arizona Revised Statutes sec. 13-1308

Arizona Revised Statutes sec. 13-3212

Arizona Revised Statutes sec. 13-3552

Arizona Revised Statutes sec. 13-3553

Arizona Revised Statutes sec. 13-3554

Each year, Polaris Project and Shared Hope International evaluate the status of human trafficking laws currently in effect in each state. As of 2014, Arizona was a Tier 2 state, meaning that Arizona met only 5 of the 10 legal frameworks that Polaris Project says are essential for effectively combatting human trafficking (“2014 State Ratings”). For more information on Polaris Project rankings by state, click here. According to Shared Hope International, who gives each state a letter grade based on the legal framework in place, Arizona has a B because it lacks sufficient laws to protect child victims (“Arizona Report Card 2014”). To see the Shared Hope International Report Card for Arizona, click here.

 
Since 2013, however, Arizona legislators have taken action to strengthen Arizona’s laws to combat sex trafficking.  In April 2014, Governor Jan Brewer signed crucial legislation that improved existing anti-sex trafficking laws. Some of those provisions (House Bill) are:
·     “It is a class 5 felony for a person guilty of knowingly
       a. Placing any person in a house of prostitution with the intent that such person become a prostitute or engage in          an act of prostitution, or
       b. Compelling, inducing, or encouraging, any person to become a prostitute or engage in an act of prostitution.”
·      An affirmative defense will be granted to a minor “if the defendant is a victim of sex trafficking.”
·      The state established a human trafficking victim assistance fund.
·      Racketeering is redefined as “any act that involves child prostitution, sex trafficking, and trafficking of persons for            forced labor or services.”
·      State and county funds can be given to aid programs that help racketeering victims.
·      Measures for victim privacy were increased.
For a full list of provisions passed under H.B. 2454, click
here.
 
The following is a sampling of current laws that are in place to prosecute buyers and traffickers in Arizona and help victims.
 

Arizona Revised StatutesContent
13-705

·    Sexual assault of a minor younger than 12 years old by an individual who is 18 years of

     age or older is subject to life imprisonment with no suspension, probation, release, or

     pardon.

·    A person 18 years of age or older who sexually assaults a 12, 13, 14 year old or uses a

     child  for prostitution or sex trafficking within the ages listed above will serve a minimum of

     13 year in prison.
·    A person who is 18 years of age or older who engages in commercial sexual exploitation

     of  a minor, sexual exploitation of a minor or aggravated luring of a minor for sexual

     exploitation will receive a minimum of 10 years in prison (21 years for repeat offenders).


13-1307,
13-1308

·    It is a class 2 felony to traffic another person who is under 18 years of age with either of the

     following:

     i. Intent to cause the other person to engage in any prostitution or sexually explicit    

    performance

     ii. The knowledge that the other person will engage in any prostitution or sexually explicit

     performance.
·    A person can be prosecuted for taking or luring a victim from a shelter serving “runaway

     youth, foster children, homeless persons, or victims of human trafficking, domestic 

     violence, or sexual  assault.”

13-3212

·    “A person 18 years of age or older commits child prostitution by knowingly
      1. Engaging in prostitution with a minor under the age of 15
      2. Engaging in prostitution with a minor who the person knows is 15, 16, or 17
      3. Engaging in prostitution with a minor who is 15, 16, or 17.”

13-3552

·    “A person commits commercial sexual exploitation of a minor by knowingly:
      1. Using, employing, persuading, enticing, inducing or coercing a minor to engage in or               assist others to engage in exploitive exhibition or other sexual conduct for the purpose of

      producing any visual depiction or live act depicting such conduct.
      2. Using, employing, persuading, enticing, inducing or coercing a minor to expose the

      genitals or anus or the areola or nipple of the female breast for financial or commercial 

      gain.
      3. Permitting a minor under the person's custody or control to engage in or assist others to

      engage in exploitive exhibition or other sexual conduct for the purpose of producing any

      visual depiction or live act depicting such conduct.
      4. Transporting or financing the transportation of any minor through or across this state   

      with the intent that the minor engage in prostitution, exploitive exhibition or other sexual   

      conduct for the purpose of producing a visual depiction or live act depicting such conduct.
      5. Using an advertisement for prostitution as defined in section 13-3211 that contains a

      visual  depiction of a minor.
·    Commercial sexual exploitation of a minor is a class 2 felony and, if the minor is under 15

      years of age, it is punishable pursuant to section 13-705.”

13-3553

·   “A person commits sexual exploitation of a minor by knowingly:
     1. Recording, filming, photographing, developing or duplicating any visual depiction in   

      which a minor is engaged in exploitive exhibition or other sexual conduct.
     2. Distributing, transporting, exhibiting, receiving, selling, purchasing, electronically

     transmitting, possessing or exchanging any visual depiction in which a minor is engaged in 

     exploitive exhibition or other sexual conduct.

·    If any visual depiction of sexual exploitation of a minor is admitted into evidence, the court 

      shall seal that evidence at the conclusion of any grand jury proceeding, hearing or trial.
·    Sexual exploitation of a minor is a class 2 felony and if the minor is under 15 years of age it

      is punishable pursuant to section 13-705.”

13-3554

·    “A person commits luring a minor for sexual exploitation by offering or soliciting sexual

      conduct with another person knowing or having reason to know that the other person is a 

      minor.”


For a thorough analysis of all laws in Arizona pertaining to sex trafficking, click here.
 


References

What Has Been Done?

Rescue & Heal Arizona's Children