Arizona. House of Representatives. Human Trafficking; Prostitution. H.B. 2454. Phoenix: 2014. April 22, 2014. Web. 27 Jul. 2014.
"Arizona Report Card 2014." Shared Hope International, 2014. Web. 31 Jul. 2015.
"2014 State Ratings on Human Trafficking Laws | Polaris | Combating Human Trafficking and Modern-day Slavery." Polaris Project, 31 July 2014. Web. 31 July 2015.
Arizona Revised Statutes sec. 13-705
Arizona Revised Statutes sec. 13-1307
Arizona Revised Statutes sec. 13-1308
Arizona Revised Statutes sec. 13-3212
Arizona Revised Statutes sec. 13-3552
Arizona Revised Statutes sec. 13-3553
Arizona Revised Statutes sec. 13-3554
Each year, Polaris Project and Shared Hope International evaluate the status of human trafficking laws currently in effect in each state. As of 2014, Arizona was a Tier 2 state, meaning that Arizona met only 5 of the 10 legal frameworks that Polaris Project says are essential for effectively combatting human trafficking (“2014 State Ratings”). For more information on Polaris Project rankings by state, click here. According to Shared Hope International, who gives each state a letter grade based on the legal framework in place, Arizona has a B because it lacks sufficient laws to protect child victims (“Arizona Report Card 2014”). To see the Shared Hope International Report Card for Arizona, click here.
Since 2013, however, Arizona legislators have taken action to strengthen Arizona’s laws to combat sex trafficking. In April 2014, Governor Jan Brewer signed crucial legislation that improved existing anti-sex trafficking laws. Some of those provisions (House Bill) are:
· “It is a class 5 felony for a person guilty of knowingly
a. Placing any person in a house of prostitution with the intent that such person become a prostitute or engage in an act of prostitution, or
b. Compelling, inducing, or encouraging, any person to become a prostitute or engage in an act of prostitution.”
· An affirmative defense will be granted to a minor “if the defendant is a victim of sex trafficking.”
· The state established a human trafficking victim assistance fund.
· Racketeering is redefined as “any act that involves child prostitution, sex trafficking, and trafficking of persons for forced labor or services.”
· State and county funds can be given to aid programs that help racketeering victims.
· Measures for victim privacy were increased.
For a full list of provisions passed under H.B. 2454, click here.
The following is a sampling of current laws that are in place to prosecute buyers and traffickers in Arizona and help victims.
|Arizona Revised Statutes||Content|
· Sexual assault of a minor younger than 12 years old by an individual who is 18 years of
age or older is subject to life imprisonment with no suspension, probation, release, or
· A person 18 years of age or older who sexually assaults a 12, 13, 14 year old or uses a
child for prostitution or sex trafficking within the ages listed above will serve a minimum of
13 year in prison.
of a minor, sexual exploitation of a minor or aggravated luring of a minor for sexual
exploitation will receive a minimum of 10 years in prison (21 years for repeat offenders).
· It is a class 2 felony to traffic another person who is under 18 years of age with either of the
i. Intent to cause the other person to engage in any prostitution or sexually explicit
ii. The knowledge that the other person will engage in any prostitution or sexually explicit
youth, foster children, homeless persons, or victims of human trafficking, domestic
violence, or sexual assault.”
|· “A person 18 years of age or older commits child prostitution by knowingly|
1. Engaging in prostitution with a minor under the age of 15
2. Engaging in prostitution with a minor who the person knows is 15, 16, or 17
3. Engaging in prostitution with a minor who is 15, 16, or 17.”
· “A person commits commercial sexual exploitation of a minor by knowingly:
producing any visual depiction or live act depicting such conduct.
genitals or anus or the areola or nipple of the female breast for financial or commercial
engage in exploitive exhibition or other sexual conduct for the purpose of producing any
visual depiction or live act depicting such conduct.
with the intent that the minor engage in prostitution, exploitive exhibition or other sexual
conduct for the purpose of producing a visual depiction or live act depicting such conduct.
visual depiction of a minor.
years of age, it is punishable pursuant to section 13-705.”
· “A person commits sexual exploitation of a minor by knowingly:
which a minor is engaged in exploitive exhibition or other sexual conduct.
transmitting, possessing or exchanging any visual depiction in which a minor is engaged in
exploitive exhibition or other sexual conduct.
· If any visual depiction of sexual exploitation of a minor is admitted into evidence, the court
shall seal that evidence at the conclusion of any grand jury proceeding, hearing or trial.
is punishable pursuant to section 13-705.”
· “A person commits luring a minor for sexual exploitation by offering or soliciting sexual
conduct with another person knowing or having reason to know that the other person is a
For a thorough analysis of all laws in Arizona pertaining to sex trafficking, click here.